The Port of St Petersburg is divided into different sections, of which each division has its own vital role. Therefore, there are four cargo areas, that form the St Petersburg Port. The first St Petersburg Port cargo area is located in Gutuevsky Kovsh, which extends a distance along the Sea Channel. This cargo area, which is at the mouth of the Neva River, services ships that are 185 meters in length and that have a draught of 9,76 meters.
The second cargo area runs along the Sea Channel and extends into the Barochny Basin and can accommodate passenger vessels of up to 217 meters in length. For the passenger ships, the second port has one deep water berth. The two remaining berths service the import and export shipping vessels, including container ships. Ships that have a draught of 11 meters and are 260 meters in length are serviced by this cargo area.
Located in the Lesnoy Mole, is the third cargo area that mainly deals with pipes, equipment and wheel machinery. The third cargo area has eight berths of which four are deep-water berths. These berths are allocated for general cargoes. The container terminal that is located in the western part, and has three deep-water berths and is fully equipped to accommodate Ro-Ro cargoes and containers. Ships with a length of 260 meters and a draught of 11 meters are serviced here.
Cargo area number four, of the St Petersburg Port, is situated in the Coal Harbour. This cargo area can handle bulk cargo through their two deep-water berths. There is a new container terminal under construction at present that will be able to accommodate 150 thousand containers of 20 feet each. The two oil berths are located in the northern side of the cargo area. The Coal harbour and on route to Lesnov Mole, there are anchoring stations that are cargo handling equipped and have a depth of 10.5 and 11 meters.
The Port of St Petersburg handles refrigerated cargoes in all of its cargo areas, as well as bagged and baled cargo, but with the exclusion of cargo that is carried by Ro-Ro vessels. The third cargo area usually deals with the heavy weight cargo, as the Lesnov Mole has large storage grounds available. It is also equipped with railway wagons and floating cranes. Loading and discharge of metal carrying vessels is done by â€śNeva-Metalâ€ť in the third cargo area. The Port in St Petersburg also handles timber cargoes such as cellulose and paper. The Ro-Ro berth in the third cargo area deals with the loading and discharge of vehicles, as it is equipped with a ramp. Dry bulk and liquid bulk can also be accommodated at the port in St Petersburg. Current construction that is taking place at various berths will ensure that the St Petersburg Port can take on more cargo and specialized services will be made available.